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Administrative Services

Day-to-Day Administrative tasks.

Systems can not just be installed and forgotten about. Whether your computer system is cloud based that is outsourced on to the Internet, or running on a local server in a closet, the following other tasks that an administrator needs to take care of on a day-to-day basis.
  • Periodic update of business software, or security software. 
  • Reading the server's event logs, to see if there are any new problems coming up. 
  • Checking the available disk space for documents and email messages on your servers. 
  • Setup new user server accounts.
  • Setup email accounts or alias names. 
  • Re-Setting user's passwords.

Additional System Administration Tasks

Below is a list of the tasks that a system administrator may be expected to perform less often than day-to-day. For any given server operating system a system administrator may be required to do more or fewer tasks than those listed here.
  • Preparing - temperature, humidity, electrical, fire, security, EIA/TIA wiring closet and cabling standards, UPS; Change management (preparing for any service changes).
  • Installing hardware - computers, terminals, disk drives, CD-ROMs, RAM, printers, NICs, cabling.
  • Maintaining - regular preventative maintenance (daily, weekly, ...), boot and shutdown systems when needed, printers, backup media, tune systems for performance.
  • Monitoring - printers, disk space, network, servers and workstations, performance, and security, and all log files regularly.
  • Installing/upgrading/removing software - OS (kernel patches, new device drivers, ...), applications (new versions, DLLs, new configurations), documentation.
  • Planning - IP address assignments, network service provider coordination .
  • Backups and archives.
  • Configuring - kernel, networking software such as Samba, X Window, accounting, quotas, security, mail, news, time, web and other servers, crontab, ...
  • Trouble-shooting - network connections, services that don't start, faulty security, ...
  • Maintaining local documentation - new user's guide, policy and procedure documents (security plan, disaster recovery plan, administrative procedures, service request/bug report forms, ...), man pages for add-on software.
  • Help and educate users - This includes working with your management (who sometimes needs the most help and education even if they don't think so), helping new users, experienced users, and yourself.
  • Baselining - Generate system reports and correlate growth, changes over time. (Use data to order supplies, spares, hardware and software upgrades in a timely manner, and to generate reports to management).
  • Problem solving - System administration is about solving problems, not memorizing how-to directions. Often something won't work as it should. What will you do then?
  • Know where to look for help - books, netnews, man pages, on-line.
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